Enhance the security of the USA
The events of Sept. 11, 2001, reinforced the need to enhance the security of the United States. Congress responded by passing the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (the Bioterrorism Act), which President Bush signed into law June 12, 2002.
Section 305 – Food Facility Registration
Requires the owner, operator, or agent in charge of a USA or non-USA facility to submit a registration to the Secretary. For a foreign facility, the registration must include the name of the U.S. agent for the facility.
Section 307 – Prior Notice of Shipment
Requires a prior notice of imported food shipments. The notice is required to provide the article, the manufacturer and shipper, the grower (if known within the specified time in which notice is required), the country of origin, the country from which the article is shipped, and the anticipated port of entry. If notice is not provided, the article cannot be imported into the USA.
FDA’s Food Protection Plan
The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) was signed into law by President Obama on January 4th, 2011. It aims to ensure the U.S. food supply is safe by shifting the focus of federal regulators from responding to contamination to preventing it.
FDA will develop new tools to ensure that imported foods meet US standards and are safe for consumers. For example, for the first time, importers will have to verify that their foreign
suppliers have adequate preventive controls in place to ensure safety, and FDA will be able to accredit qualified third party auditors to certify that foreign food facilities are complying with U.S. food safety standards.